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By Thomas Ryan (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230306861

ISBN-13: 9780230306868

ISBN-10: 1349323268

ISBN-13: 9781349323265

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64) characterises as the unique characteristics of social work, ‘a feeling of obligation always to consider social needs when dealing with individuals, and the effect on individuals when dealing with communities’. The subsequent influence of psychology and psychiatry upon social work from the late 1920s to the 1950s, as opposed to its earlier sociological underpinnings (Alexander, 1972; Keith-Lucas, 1953), more an American than a British phenomenon (Miles, 1954), resulted in an emphasis upon individual inadequacy and psychological adjustment, to the exclusion of structural considerations (Specht and Courtney, 1995), and a disregard of the inherent moral dimension (Siporin, 1982).

To describe only relations holding between free and rational agents . . It isolates the duties which people owe each other merely as thinkers from those deeper and more general ones which they owe each other as beings who feel. It cannot, therefore, fail both to split a man’s nature and to isolate him from the rest of the creation to which he belongs. (Midgley, 1983c, pp. 166–7, 170) The traditional argument for the exclusion of animals from the moral circle correlates moral standing with rationality, witnessed in Kant’s (1964) central moral insight of distinguishing between subjects and objects, entailing a normative response that all persons are ends in themselves.

286–7) contends that the origin of these propositions rests in misconceptions about both the meaning and gamut of the term moral: The first proposition confuses species and genus: from the disappearance of a particular form of morality (the kind rooted in, for lack of a better term, traditional morality), one deduces (falsely) the disappearance of moral life in general . . morality cannot ‘disappear’ without a radical mutation of the human species. Even in the death camps, veritable hells on earth, morality survived (Frankl, 1965; Todorov, 2000).

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Animals and Social Work: A Moral Introduction by Thomas Ryan (auth.)

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