By William B. Meyer
This revealing ebook synthesizes learn from many fields to provide the 1st entire heritage of the jobs performed via climate and weather in American lifestyles from colonial occasions to the current. writer William B. Meyer characterizes climate occasions as impartial phenomena which are inherently neither dangers nor assets, yet can turn into both looking on the actions with which they have interaction. Meyer files the ways that other kinds of climate all through historical past have represented dangers and assets not just for such uncovered outside ambitions as agriculture, war, transportation, building, and activity, yet for different nation-states of existence starting from production to migration to human health and wellbeing. He issues out that whereas the elements and weather through themselves have by no means made up our minds the process human occasions, their value as been always altered for larger and for worse via the evolution of yank lifestyles.
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58 In the North, Anglo-Americans also retained Old World models in the design of their houses. 59 Prevailing design in the South placed the chimney outside the house frame; in New England, it was located at the house's center and its heat conserved. Yet this difference was not of New World origin. 60 They happened, in a sense, to suit the new climates overseas and were retained, but other traditions that were not suitable in the same sense were retained too. In particular, Anglo-Americans balked at giving up the open fireplace as the chief means of space heating in winter.
From some simple and ingenious experiments on the re- 32 Americans and Their Weather lations of colors to heat, Franklin showed "that black Cloaths are not so fit to wear in a hot Sunny Climate or Season as white ones," but the knowledge that it was so was not enough to make black and white uniform wear for winter and summer respectively. Colors had other meanings besides their thermal qualities, and clothes were not designed with the sole or the chief aim of snug protection from the elements, even—perhaps especially—among those best able to afford it.
51 Those who expected the differences in climate between America and Europe or between one region and another to impose differences in human life were as often as not disappointed. It was a Charleston physician, Dr. i. Colonial architecture was modified in new climates, not reshaped wholesale to fit them. French settlers's houses in the lower Mississippi Valley shared many features with those in French Canada. 52 The presumed direct connection between heat and ill-health made it especially troubling, given the already high summer temperatures.
Americans and Their Weather by William B. Meyer