By Susan L. Cutter
Barrier islands, Flood plains, Earthquake faults: occasionally the surroundings poses threats to our health, but many folks proceed to settle on to dwell in dicy or risky areas. And on best of the knowns are the opposite, extra hidden dangers regarding environmental illness that pose both severe threats to our healthiness and health. yet the place are those areas and what forms of dangers are stumbled on there? "American Hazardscapes" examines the dangers linked to dwelling and possessing estate in different areas around the usa, delivering twin views: that of the geographer and that of the social technological know-how risks researcher. The ebook summarizes what we already learn about neighborhood styles of risk occasions and losses in the course of the earlier 3 a long time and is going extra to make clear the character of the occasions themselves and their impression on society. Written for the moving citizen and the coverage maker alike, "American Hazardscapes" offers a nearby ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It additionally bargains suggestions on what neighborhood, kingdom, and federal managers have to do to satisfy the problem of lowering chance losses within the subsequent century.
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Extra resources for American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (Natural Hazards and Disasters)
The collection, mapping, and analysis of geographic information are essential elements in understanding how we live with, respond to, and mitigate against hazards. We begin this chapter with a primer on the fundamental concepts in mapping—scale, resolution of geographic data, and characteristics of spatial databases. We then provide a brief history of mapping generally, and hazards mapping specifically. The chapter concludes with a discussion on the role of technological advances in influencing the mapping and the spatial analysis of societal response to hazards.
Comparative Risks Assessment (CRA) In 1987, the USEPA released a report, Unfinished Business (USEPA 1987), which set the stage for a realignment of agency priorities. There was a fundamental change at the agency—a movement away from pollution control to pollution prevention and risk reduction. To more effectively utilize resources and prioritize and target the most severe environmental problems, the USEPA developed the CRA tool (Davies 1996). Although many argue that the results of the ranking exercise are sensitive to the specific procedures used including categorization (Morgan et al.
Next, we would forecast the spatial distribution of total future losses, using building characteristics within census tracts. At what scale are we operating? It might be most appropriate to say that the damage-wind speed estimate is at the individual building scale (our observational unit) but the forecast of future losses is at the census tract scale (our collection/ reporting unit). Even though the spatial extent of our study was nationwide (at least all metropolitan areas in the country), it would be inappropriate to say we had conducted a national-scale study.
American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters (Natural Hazards and Disasters) by Susan L. Cutter