By Martin R. Zammit
This paintings doesn't objective to be an etymological dictionary of Qur'anic Arabic, nor does it try to recommend a few new genetic type of the Semitic languages. particularly, it deals insights into the inner lexical relationships attested in a few Semitic types inside Qur'anic Arabic (seventh century AD). The paintings relies on a quantitative research of a considerable corpus of the Arabic lexicon that allows you to investigating lexical relationships inside a couple of Semitic languages. Qur'anic Arabic is the resource of a lexical mass comparability workout regarding Akkadian, Ugaritic, Aramaic, Syriac, Hebrew, Phoenician, Epigraphic South Arabian and Ge'ez. furthermore, the lexical hyperlinks pointed out during this examine are in themselves linguistic signs of a number of the levels of cultural proximity characterising many of the Semitic languages.
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Additional info for A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic
2 The 'arabiyya question and Quranic Arabic Notwithstanding the literary excellence of some of the long preIslamic poems, or qasa'id,40 the Qur'dn is definitely on a level of its own as the most eminent written manifestation of the Arabic language. Langhade remarks that: . . cette oeuvre apparait sans que nous ayons de veritable trace et esquisse des constructions litteraires qui Font precedee et preparee. Nous n'avons du coup aucun point de repere pour la situer et la juger. 41 Not much is revealed in the Qur'dn about its language.
46 1994: 25. 47 1978: 187. 51 Over the years, both Muslim and Western scholarships have propounded a wide range of frequently conflicting opinions about the linguistic situation in pre-Islamic Arabia and during the first centuries of Islam. 53 This presumed pre-Islamic linguistic homo6th c. language spoken in Arabia, the language of Ishmael and later of Macadd b. 'Adnan. Zwettler considers the use of both baydn and mubin to ". . designate an inflective and synthetic form of Arabic recognized by all Arabs .
P. 98). 46 1975: 97. C. 44 47 1975: 98. 2. 1968: 162-164. 49 26 CHAPTER ONE number of Hebrew verbs, and 33% of the total number of Syriac verbs, share a close formal and semantic correspondence. In the case of Hebrew and Ethiopic verbs with initial /7, Barr finds out that one Ethiopic verb out of six shares a close sense with Hebrew. 50 Barr concludes that, although the results of his study confirm a degree of considerable lexical community among the Semitic languages, however, the evidence ".
A Comparative Lexical Study of Quranic Arabic by Martin R. Zammit