By Ellen Bartee, Nyima Droma
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Additional resources for A Beginning Textbook of Lhasa Tibetan (with Audio)
Where are you going? I am going to school. Are you a teacher? No, I am a student. What are you studying? I study Tibetan (=spoken Tibetan) Do you have class? Yes. Well then, go quickly. 55 Tom: Migmar: OK. Bye. Bye. ^ to go (hon) 2. ^5 to go 3. 8F§* learning, education is. S^tFi^ to study, to learn 4. ^1^*1^ to study, to learn (hon) 5. S F ^ lesson 17. ^ ' ^ spoken Tibetan 6. IVR** to sit (hon) 18. W ^ fast, quickly 19. S ^ then (as in 'then, \3 7. ^ ' ^ written Tibetan 8. ^ ^ to go, to come (hon) you should go') 9.
Thus, 'food7 in itself is not respected, but if it is the food being made or consumed by the person referred to, then the honorific form can be used. The following are some of the forms you have already studied: Plain Form Honorific Form Middle Honorific High Honorific Gloss dBq^-qg^a^ / to Verbs *5 S^ ^ / Z4RS* i^ qgfi *pfL \3 Remember that it is rare to make second person statements in Tibetan. 'to do' 'to sit' 3^ rj]*JC ( (J ) 3 5 'to say' *\ r 'to be ill' ^ / ^ ajqj^'5l^/ap|^'^ 'V to be', 'yes' 36 OEj^/Jjqj'^ ajq|^-^/ajq|^'ljiiJ|'^ 'V to exist', 'yes' <*1<£^ 'name' ^ njl<*rp^ 'house' CW^ gu|-ai^ 'work' Nouns •*> V3 Pronouns 3 7 ^c $T^ 'age' 'you' 'he' Jtf/ir^p V* F* 'she' DIALOGUE TWO 35 This is part of a relatively small class of verbs that have been called 'humilifics'.
SAY IT RIGHT Sometimes S q '5|' q is pronounced nF'5|'2J [lopn ta wa],but inore commonly nP 2H [tapn t a : v l/ notice that this is almost the same pronunciation as nj^ 3 . GRAMMAR I. Generally, the auxiliaries ^1 ^^1 and ^ ^ 1 indicate an event that is yet to happen (as in ^ f T ^ l '(I) will go'). q ' ^ I and ^ ^ | indicate an event that is completed. Additionally, T 1 *^! and ^ ' ^ | indicate that speaker is intentionally going to do, or has done, whatever action the verb expresses. The non-honorific verb 'to go' has a different form for the past, but the honorific forms are the same.
A Beginning Textbook of Lhasa Tibetan (with Audio) by Ellen Bartee, Nyima Droma